Students choice of selecting a university abroad depends heavily on the employability opportunities. Every year “The Times Higher Education” releases ranking list for universities around the world. The ranking is based on 13 performance indicators which measure the institution’s performance across teaching, research, knowledge transfer and international outlook.
The list is prepared after compiling answers of several recruiters, chief executives and business managers from top companies in 20 countries.
Let us have a look at the list “Top 10 Universities in France for Higher Education for the Year 2020”
Paris Sciences et Lettres – PSL Research University Paris
Univeristé PSL (Paris Sciences & Lettres) is a university formed in 2010, though some of the member institutions were founded during the Enlightenment (the Collège de France, L’Observatoire de Paris, and the Beaux Arts). Originally formed of five institutions, it has grown significantly to 9 academic and research member institutions and 10 affiliated institutions. PSL encompasses every field of knowledge, from the sciences and engineering to the arts, humanities and social sciences. It was established with the aim of becoming one of the leading research universities in the world.
One of the member institutions, the highly selective École Normale Supérieure, which takes only 200 students a year, can be traced back to the post-revolutionary National Convention of 1794. It was originally established to train secondary school teachers in order to ensure a consistent national education. Today, it takes only 200 students a year in sciences and humanities, who receive a salary of about €1,300 (£1,114) per month in return for 10 years of service in the public sector after graduation.
In 2011 the Equipex projects were unveiled in France, which involve grants of up to €10 million to fund pioneering research equipment, of which PSL has obtained at least seven grants. Facilities funded include for aquatic ecology, therapeutic use of genomic data applied to cancer treatment, magnetic resonance, and cerebral ultrasound therapy.
Notable alumni of the member institutions include inventor of pasteurisation Louis Pasteur, Nobel Prize in Literature winners Henri Bergson and Jean-Paul Sartre, world-renowned thinker Michel Foucault, founder of deconstruction Jacques Derrida and philosopher Bernard-Henri-Levy.
Université PSL (Paris Sciences & Lettres): Chimie ParisTech, École nationale des chartes, École normale supérieure, École Pratique des Hautes Études, ESPCI Paris, Institut Curie, MINES ParisTech, Observatoire de Paris, Université Paris-Dauphine.
Sorbonne University is a public university in Paris, France, which was officially established in 2018 following the merger of Paris-Sorbonne University and Pierre and Marie Curie University. However, the institution can trace its history back to the 13th century and the University of Paris, which had a Collège de Sorbonne which was founded in 1257 by Robert de Sorbon.
The university’s central campus is located in Paris’s Latin Quarter, on property inherited from the former University of Paris.
The Jussieu Campus – formally the Campus Universitaire de Jussieu – is located in the 5th arrondissement of Paris and was the main campus of the Pierre and Marie Curie University (also known as Paris VI). Meanwhile, the institution’s Maison de la Recherche campus houses the history and geography departments and the Serpente Library, which boasts more than 50,000 works and about 300 French and international periodicals.
The university has a number of prestigious scientific collections The Sorbonne University houses eight notable scientific collections, including a display of 1,500 minerals; a collection of nearly 50 photographic plates created by Gabriel Lippmann in his studies of photography; and the Charcot library, which houses a collection of the personal library of neurologist Jean-Martin Charcot.
Sorbonne University is comprised of three faculties: arts and humanities; science and engineering; and medicine. In 2008, Paris-Sorbonne University Abu Dhabi was established in the United Arab Emirates, which teaches a range of qualifications in the French language.
Sorbonne University was first ranked by THE in the 2019 World University Rankings. Prior to that year, Paris-Sorbonne University 4 and Pierre and Marie Curie, which are now a part of Sorbonne University, were ranked separately.
Founded in 1794, École Polytechnique is France’s leading institution in science and technology. A product of the French Revolution and the Age of Enlightenment, École Polytechnique has a rich history that spans over 225 years.For over two centuries, alumni have profoundly marked the history of science and industry and contributed to the great advances in their fields that have shaped the world as we know it today.
Since its founding, the university has borne a long tradition of scientific excellence. Researchers, professors and alumni from École Polytechnique have received prestigious awards and distinctions, including Nobel Prizes and Fields Medals.
Located in a world-renowned science and technology ecosystem. École Polytechnique’s campus is located less than an hour from central Paris, at the heart of the Paris-Saclay research and business cluster. It encompasses research facilities, numerous higher education institutions and over 50 company R&D centers.
At the heart of the global network of knowledge and innovation, Université de Paris is France’s leading multidisciplinary university.
Born in 2019 from the merger of the universities of Paris Diderot, Paris Descartes and Institut de physique du globe de Paris, the ambition of Université de Paris is to lead and develop an exceptional potential to meet the challenges of tomorrow’s society.
With a recognized international standing, as well as a strategic portfolio of privileged academic partners throughout the world, it offers its students state-of-the-art, innovative courses in the following fields:
Arts, Humanities and Languages,
Human, Economic and Social Sciences,
Science and Technology,
Medicine, Dentistry, Pharmacy and Nursing
Université de Paris is fully engaged in an experience that brings together thought leadership, pedagogical innovation in education, and excellence in research at the graduate level.
Few universities anywhere can have experienced more change in a single year than Telecom Paris in 2019. In June it adopted its present name after a decade as Telecom Paris Tech and in the autumn is due to move to a new campus in Paris-Saclay as part of a federation of institutions it was hoped might become the “French MIT”.
The name change was one of a number dating back to its foundation in Paris in 1878 as the Ecole Professionel Superieure des Postes et Telegraphes. A notable history includes being the source, through director Edouard Estaunce of the word “telecommunications” in 1904.
Highly selective via examination, like all of France’s Grandes Ecoles, it recruits around 250 graduate students, a third or so of them from abroad, each year. There are four departments – electronics and communications, computer science and networking, signal and image processing and economic and social science.
Based in the Rue Barrault in southern Paris in 1934, it will move to its new Palaiseau campus, close to the Ecole Polytechnique and with several other research institutions sharing the same site forming the Institute Polytechnique de Paris, the putative “French MIT”.
This continues a history of productive networking reflected in membership of the Groupe des Ecoles de Telecommunication since 1996, Paris Tech and the 13-member IMT group of Mines and Telecoms schools.
Specialist laboratories include the Interdisciplinary Institute of Innovation and the Information, Processing and Communications Laboratory (LTCI). The Entrepreneur Incubator usually has around 40 companies in situ and is reckoned to have launched close to 400 enterprises.
École Normale Supérieure de Lyon (ENS Lyon) is a French institution based in the city of Lyon.
As one of France’s four Écoles Normales Supérieures, ENS Lyon is a premier institution of research and learning. The majority of its students are recruited directly from French preparatory schools. However, a portion of its students earn the right to attend by passing rigorous entrance exams. These students, who come from France and Europe, are seen as civil servants in training, and are expected to work for France in exchange for financial support during university.
ENS Lyon’s mission is to train students to ask the right questions and to come up with innovative answers.
The university has its own start-up business innovator, which hosts projects in fields such as medical technology, computer sciences and geography. One previous project resulted in the development of supercomputer technology capable of effectively predicting seismic activity, making a step forward in earthquake prevention.
The first ENS was founded after the French Revolution and has since produced such great minds as Louis Pasteur, Jean-Paul Sartre and Simone Weil. Building on the success of the original school, ENS Lyon was founded in 1880.
The campus in Lyon is located close to the city centre with good public transport links. Throughout the year, conferences and events take place in the university’s facilities, such as the Kantor Theatre and the Salle Dutilleux.
Multi-disciplinary and with a strong focus on science and health, Université Paris-Sud is one of the most prestigious universities in France, ranked among the foremost worldwide. It has 82 internationally-renowned laboratories and welcomes 32,000 students, of whom 2,400 are doctoral candidates and 5,000 are international. It employs 4,300 teacher-researchers and researchers and 3,100 members of engineering, technical and administrative staff. It has an outstanding environmental heritage in an exceptional setting, especially on its Orsay campus. Université Paris-Sud is a founder member of Université Paris-Saclay.
famous for its very high level in basic research, especially in Mathematics and Physics, areas in which it has made significant contributions to understanding the world and the universe, while hosting numerous research programs in Computer Science, Chemistry and Biology. Our research in Health Sciences have translated into many innovative and successful therapies in a number of medical fields. Our teams in Law, Economics and Management are conducting highly original research in areas such as new technologies or innovation. Finally, cross-sectional research is carried out throughout all disciplines, for example, in Sports Sciences and Motor Control. All of our research is conducted in laboratories shared by many world-class research organizations (CNRS, INSERM, CEA, INRIA, INRA) whose involvement has contributed to their international outreach.
… supporting training in all scientific fields
Paris-Sud University not only built its prestige on the quality of its research, it also boasts an extensive choice of academic disciplines at Bachelor, Master and Doctorate level, but also in technological training. Our academic training is open to the outside society and features: cutting-edge research in all fields, multidisciplinarity, innovative pedagogy adapted to different audiences, basic or life-long training, professionalization of the different curricula, including at doctoral level. The outstanding environment and quality campus life offer both students and young researchers the best possible conditions for acquiring knowledge and skills at the highest level.
Paris-Sud University is firmly grounded in society. By fostering industrial collaboration, it strives to translate the discoveries of its researchers into valued sources of innovation and new jobs, but also to promote the employability of its students. It also develops many activities to disseminate scientific and technical culture, artistic culture and actions at the crossroads of both worlds, with a special focus on the development of the triad “Science-Culture-Society”. All of these actions address the community – both staff and students – but also the general public and school audiences.
Set in an exceptional scientific environment, the Paris-Sud University works with all higher education and research partners in the region to further increase the international visibility of all actors within the framework of the Université Paris-Saclay project, of which it is a major player. Meanwhile, with the prospects offered by the development of its real estate properties, Paris-Sud University holds a unique situation in which it can strengthen its position among the world’s leading universities and further increase its attractiveness for students, faculty and faculty researchers, researchers, technical and administrative staff, all of which contribute to successfully fulfilling the university’s missions and ensuring its prestige.
École des Ponts ParisTech
The École des Ponts ParisTech (Ponts for short) offers undergraduate and postgraduate teaching in engineering, science and technology and is widely regarded as one of the better technical universities in France, and has a positive reputation internationally
Originally called the École royale des ponts et chaussées, the university has as prestigious history dating back to 1747 when it was set up in order up to train France’s civil engineers to build the county’s roads and bridges and canals.
The first class consisted of 50 students and had no professor, they successfully taught themselves the necessary algebra, geometry and mechanical skills to maintain France’s infrastructure. The school continued to grow and flourish under Napoleon and through the 20th century. Today the focus is still very much on creating France’s best technical minds. The university offers courses in mechanics, materials and civil engineering, computer sciences, urban and environmental engineering, transport, sociology and economics among others.
Teaching at Ponts is broken down into six departments offering taught courses and a whole raft of research centres and labs training PhD students and postgraduates. The university is renowned for its close links with international academia and has double-degree schemes with over 30 universities across 20 countries. Exchange semesters are also on offer in partnership with some of the most famous technical schools in the world including Berkeley, Georgia Tech and Imperial College, London.
This international focus makes for an extremely cosmopolitan student body with roughly 40% choosing to study a double degree abroad and 30% of its students from outside France.
Aix-Marseille University (AMU) is a public research university in Provence that can trace its origins back to 1409 when Pisan Antipope Alexander V was tasked with creating the University of Provence by Louis II of Anjou. It came into its current form on 1 January 2012 following a merger of the University of Provence, the University of the Mediterranean and Paul Cézanne University. This merger made AMU the largest university in the French-speaking world in terms of student numbers and also endowment, which is currently €750 million.
The university has five campuses located in Aix-en-Provence and Marseilles. It has 19 faculties and 12 doctoral schools and offers about 600 courses across the disciplines, including arts, literature, social sciences, science and technology. AMU also has more than 500 hundred research and teaching partnerships, collaborating closely with such institytions as the French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS) and the French Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies Commission (CEA). Some programmes are also taught in both French and English for international students, of which there are more than 10,000.
There are many notable alumni and faculty of AMU in the fields of law, politics, business, economics and literature. These include four Nobel prizewinners – such as J. M. G. Le Clézio, winner of the 2008 Nobel Prize for Literature – and multiple heads of state of countries from around the world, along with many important judges, economists, diplomats, scientists, journalists, artists and musicians. Film-makers and actors such as Jean Renoir and Bradley Cooper are also alumni of AMU.
Grenoble Alpes University
Grenoble Alpes University (UGA) has its roots in 1339, when a university was established there that included four areas of study: medicine, liberal arts (sciences and literature), canon law and civil law.
Following several periods of closure and reopening, the university disappeared in 1793. This was during the French Revolution, at a time when many universities in France were being suppressed.
In 1805 Napoleon resurrected the faculties of law, letters and sciences, formally inaugurated as the University of Grenoble in 1879, before splitting apart into smaller subject departments with localised administration powers. These would eventually be reunited, to form UGA in 2016, a merger of the three universities in Grenoble: Joseph Fourier University, Pierre-Mendès-France University, and the Stendhal University. The Grenoble Institute of Technology remains separate, but actively participates in research projects, shares labs and offers mutual courses for students and researchers.
The university has tried, since its inception, to imitate the Sorbonne and compete with the Université de Lyon. Today it is one of the biggest scientific centres of Europe, and the largest in France after Paris, hosting facilities of every public research institution in the country. It is organised around two close campuses in the city: 175 hectares in Saint-Martin-d’Hères and 250 hectares in Grenoble, as well as facilities around the country.
Notable alumni include former first lady of the United States Jacqueline Kennedy, former president of South Korea Park Geun-hye, and former president of Germany Richard von Weizsäcker.
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